One of the biggest challenges for many people is how to protect themselves from Covid-19 while in the line of duty. This is a two edged sword for most people because they earn their livelihood from their workplace(s).   Here is what WHO advises –   Measures to prevent transmission of COVID-19 that apply to all workplaces and all people at the workplace include: Frequent hand-washing or disinfection with alcohol based hand sanitizer, Respiratory hygiene such as covering coughs, Physical distancing of at least 1 metre or more according to the national

Here are some of the individual measures to protect against infection with SARS-CoV-2, that have been consistently recommended by WHO and others.  Cough hygieneA cough should be caught in a single use tissue, or the crook of the elbow. The tissue should be immediately disposed of and hand hygiene performed. Coughing into bare hands means they can become heavily contaminated; unless immediate and thorough hand hygiene is performed, they can become a vehicle for transmission. Cough hygiene can reduce, but not totally eliminate, droplets being released by a cough or

GLAUCOMA The eye is a very important organ of the body as it is the organ of sight. There are certain eye defects or disorders such as hyper myopia (long-sightedness), myopia (short-sightedness), cataract and glaucoma which could pose serious damage to the normal functioning of the eye if appropriate care is not taken. Glaucoma is a group of eye disorders that cause damage to the optic nerves. Now, let’s break this down. The optic nerves are nerve endings that transmit impulses from the eyes to the brain. The brain  interprets

EBOLA IS BACK! The Ebola Haemorrhagic Fever, also known as Ebola Virus Disease,  or more popularly referred to as Ebola,  is a viral haemorrhagic disease where the virus causes severe bleeding and fever. Ebola first occurred in 1976 . It however  gained little prominence during its major outbreak in West Africa between 2014-2016. It affected a large number of people in various countries resulting in a lot of public interest. The WHO reported the first case in Guinea (a West African Nation),  with a gradual spread to two other African

HYPOGLYCEMIA (LOW BLOOD SUGAR) Hypoglycemia is a medical condition in which your blood sugar or glucose level is too low i.e. below the normal level. It can develop in people suffering from diabetes and those who are non-diabetic. The cells of the brain require energy, derived from glucose, to function effectively and in case of its insufficiency, the brain is usually one of the first organs to be affected. Some of the symptoms to watch out for include excessive sweating, palpitations, dizziness, shakiness, clumsiness. In more severe cases, there could

Keeping fit is good business. In the last 5 years, I have made a conscious effort to engage my body in some form of exercise and deliberate activities to keep fit at least monthly. Well, life happens and consistency proved to be such a difficult milestone to meet. If you are like me, don’t despair. Exercising and keeping fit may appear to be one of the hardest things to do until one starts, then it becomes one of the hardest things to consistently do. This is reality – most people’s

You are what you eat! Heard that before? Well it is so true especially with respect to your health. With rising incidence of heart-related issues, you need to know how to eat right such that your heart can stay healthy. Some diets that will help you achieve this include: Diets that are light on meat and sweets Reduce your salt intake to less than 1500mg per day Eat lots of fruits and vegetables Whole grains such as brown rice, oats, and so on. Legumes are good. Low fat dairy products

Having previously described the three main types of Diabetes mellitus (DM), let’s take a brief moment to dwell on type 2 DM which has a higher prevalence in our society. Type 2 Diabetes mellitus is a condition in which the human body is unable to properly process sugar into energy. This could be due to the body’s failure to use insulin available correctly or the pancreas is not making enough insulin. Our body stores sugar and uses it to create the energy we need to go about our everyday lives.

FACTS ABOUT DIABETES MELLITUS Diabetes mellitus (DM), commonly referred to as diabetes, is a group of metabolic disorders in which there are high blood sugar levels over a prolonged period. Diabetes is due to either the pancreas not producing enough insulin or the cells of the body not responding properly to the insulin produced. So, let’s see the types of Diabetes mellitus. Type 1 Diabetes mellitus This results from the pancreas’s failure to produce enough insulin. This form was previously referred to as “insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus” (IDDM) or “juvenile diabetes”.

So, today is the 9th day of March, 2018. In the course of this week, news filtered out about a disease outbreak in some parts of South Africa. Although, there has been no report of the disease’ presence in Nigeria, it is expedient that we understand what the disease means and what can be done to prevent it. After all, that is why you have us here. There has been 948 cases of listeria poisoning in South Africa reported since January 2017, according to Reuters – which the UN calls

The exact cause of endometrial cancer, like any other cancer, is unknown. There are certain risk factors however, associated with its development. Avoiding risk factors and increasing protective factors may help prevent cancer. The following risk factors increase the risk of endometrial cancer:   Endometrial hyperplasia Estrogen Tamoxifen Obesity, weight gain, metabolic syndrome, and diabetes Genetic factors The following protective factors decrease the risk of endometrial cancer: Pregnancy and breast-feeding Combination oral contraceptives Physical activity Cigarette smoking Paradox yeah? As a matter of fact, several researches have established that cigarette

​Endometrial cancer is a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the tissues of the endometrium. It is the most common invasive cancer of the female reproductive system. The endometrium is the lining of the uterus. The uterus is part of the female reproductive system. It is a hollow, pear-shaped, muscular organ in the pelvis, where a fetus grows. The uterus has a muscular outer layer called the myometrium and an inner lining called the endometrium. Cancer of the endometrium is different from cancer of the muscle of the

Monkey Pox is caused by a virus, orthopox virus,  same that causes cowpox and camelpox. It is similar to human small pox but it is milder . How is it transmitted? It is transmitted to people from various wild animals via Handling of infected monkeys Eating inadequately cooked meat of infected animals Thereafter, from one person to another via Direct contact with body fluids and /or contaminated bedding Large respiratory droplets The duration between exposure to the virus and manifestation of symptoms (incubation period) is 6 to 16 days, but

Burn is a type of injury to skin, or other tissues, caused by heat, cold,  electricity, chemicals, friction, or radiation. [wikipedia: Burn] Burns can be devastating and very traumatic. It can trigger a severe form of injury that disfigures and/or kills. As with medical cases, Prevention is the key. Causes include: Flame from petrol, kerosene, gas or explosion from other inflammable substances like insecticide and spirit Hot liquids like water,  soup, oil etc Chemicals Electrical burns Hot objects like exhaust. Here are some tips on Prevention: Keep hot water and

There are so many things to know about taking care of yourself (if you are diabetic) or a loved one that is diabetic. The foot care is so important so as to avoid complications that result sometimes in amputation. Here are a few facts: Do not wear long boots Do not walk bare foot      Do not wear tight socks Do not wear high heels that have no support         Do not put your feet on extreme heat Do not put your feet near open heat

The word “jaundice” refers to yellowish discoloration of the sclera and/or the skin. A baby’s body attempts to break down extra blood cells after birth. During this process, red blood cells are broken down and a substance known as bilirubin is released. This bilirubin gives the yellow color. For the purpose of this post, we would classify jaundice in the newborn into: Physiologic/normal Pathologic/abnormal In normal babies, jaundice sometimes starts on the 2nd day after delivery, and would usually clear by 2 weeks. This is the normal/physiologic jaundice. Mothers may

While some people prefer to get regular checks with their doctors, some others don’t. They would rather not want to know the diagnosis when they perceive an unusual symptom in their body, especially when they feel it may be related to a chronic (long standing) illness, such as hypertension, diabetes Mellitus, HIV, cancers, and so on. It is important to note that you should not try to deny a symptom if present. Get regular checks with your doctor. EARLY DETECTION IS KEY TO GETTING  A GOOD OUTCOMES. When you get a

Diabetes mellitus (DM) refers to a group of features characterized by a high glucose level in the blood (hyperglycemia), as a result of a relative or absolute deficiency in insulin. Insulin is required in the breakdown  of glucose, protein and fat in the body. When it is not available in sufficient amount therefore, there would be a problem with this breakdown . Diabetes mellitus is classified into various types, the common ones being type 1, type 2, and gestational (occurring in pregnancy). Emphasis would be on type-2 DM in this

BPH means benign prostatic hypertrophy or hyperplasia.   After age 40, the prostate becomes larger than usual as the cells increase. However, only one in 10 males experience symptoms after 50 years. Symptoms that may occur include: Increased frequency of urination Urgency: This means that when you feel like urinating, you would have to do so immediately. Hesitancy : When you make attempt at urinating, it would not come out immediately. You would have to wait a while before it does. Urge incontinence: If you do not urinate immediately you

Some mums usually express concerns that their baby may be losing weight after birth. Here is to show you a brief overview of the trend of how a baby gains weight or loses it within the first six months of birth. Within the first seven days The baby may lose 5-10% of birth weight. At days 7-10 Baby starts gaining weight. By day 14 Baby should have regained birth weight. After day 14 Baby gains an average of 25-30 grams per day for the first 4 months. At 4-5 months

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