GLAUCOMA The eye is a very important organ of the body as it is the organ of sight. There are certain eye defects or disorders such as hyper myopia (long-sightedness), myopia (short-sightedness), cataract and glaucoma which could pose serious damage to the normal functioning of the eye if appropriate care is not taken. Glaucoma is a group of eye disorders that cause damage to the optic nerves. Now, let’s break this down. The optic nerves are nerve endings that transmit impulses from the eyes to the brain. The brain interprets
EBOLA IS BACK! The Ebola Haemorrhagic Fever, also known as Ebola Virus Disease, or more popularly referred to as Ebola, is a viral haemorrhagic disease where the virus causes severe bleeding and fever. Ebola first occurred in 1976 . It however gained little prominence during its major outbreak in West Africa between 2014-2016. It affected a large number of people in various countries resulting in a lot of public interest. The WHO reported the first case in Guinea (a West African Nation), with a gradual spread to two other African
HYPOGLYCEMIA (LOW BLOOD SUGAR) Hypoglycemia is a medical condition in which your blood sugar or glucose level is too low i.e. below the normal level. It can develop in people suffering from diabetes and those who are non-diabetic. The cells of the brain require energy, derived from glucose, to function effectively and in case of its insufficiency, the brain is usually one of the first organs to be affected. Some of the symptoms to watch out for include excessive sweating, palpitations, dizziness, shakiness, clumsiness. In more severe cases, there could
Keeping fit is good business. In the last 5 years, I have made a conscious effort to engage my body in some form of exercise and deliberate activities to keep fit at least monthly. Well, life happens and consistency proved to be such a difficult milestone to meet. If you are like me, don’t despair. Exercising and keeping fit may appear to be one of the hardest things to do until one starts, then it becomes one of the hardest things to consistently do. This is reality – most people’s
Having previously described the three main types of Diabetes mellitus (DM), let’s take a brief moment to dwell on type 2 DM which has a higher prevalence in our society. Type 2 Diabetes mellitus is a condition in which the human body is unable to properly process sugar into energy. This could be due to the body’s failure to use insulin available correctly or the pancreas is not making enough insulin. Our body stores sugar and uses it to create the energy we need to go about our everyday lives.
FACTS ABOUT DIABETES MELLITUS Diabetes mellitus (DM), commonly referred to as diabetes, is a group of metabolic disorders in which there are high blood sugar levels over a prolonged period. Diabetes is due to either the pancreas not producing enough insulin or the cells of the body not responding properly to the insulin produced. So, let’s see the types of Diabetes mellitus. Type 1 Diabetes mellitus This results from the pancreas’s failure to produce enough insulin. This form was previously referred to as “insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus” (IDDM) or “juvenile diabetes”.
So, today is the 9th day of March, 2018. In the course of this week, news filtered out about a disease outbreak in some parts of South Africa. Although, there has been no report of the disease’ presence in Nigeria, it is expedient that we understand what the disease means and what can be done to prevent it. After all, that is why you have us here. There has been 948 cases of listeria poisoning in South Africa reported since January 2017, according to Reuters – which the UN calls
The exact cause of endometrial cancer, like any other cancer, is unknown. There are certain risk factors however, associated with its development. Avoiding risk factors and increasing protective factors may help prevent cancer. The following risk factors increase the risk of endometrial cancer: Endometrial hyperplasia Estrogen Tamoxifen Obesity, weight gain, metabolic syndrome, and diabetes Genetic factors The following protective factors decrease the risk of endometrial cancer: Pregnancy and breast-feeding Combination oral contraceptives Physical activity Cigarette smoking Paradox yeah? As a matter of fact, several researches have established that cigarette
Endometrial cancer is a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the tissues of the endometrium. It is the most common invasive cancer of the female reproductive system. The endometrium is the lining of the uterus. The uterus is part of the female reproductive system. It is a hollow, pear-shaped, muscular organ in the pelvis, where a fetus grows. The uterus has a muscular outer layer called the myometrium and an inner lining called the endometrium. Cancer of the endometrium is different from cancer of the muscle of the
Monkey Pox is caused by a virus, orthopox virus, same that causes cowpox and camelpox. It is similar to human small pox but it is milder . How is it transmitted? It is transmitted to people from various wild animals via Handling of infected monkeys Eating inadequately cooked meat of infected animals Thereafter, from one person to another via Direct contact with body fluids and /or contaminated bedding Large respiratory droplets The duration between exposure to the virus and manifestation of symptoms (incubation period) is 6 to 16 days, but
Burn is a type of injury to skin, or other tissues, caused by heat, cold, electricity, chemicals, friction, or radiation. [wikipedia: Burn] Burns can be devastating and very traumatic. It can trigger a severe form of injury that disfigures and/or kills. As with medical cases, Prevention is the key. Causes include: Flame from petrol, kerosene, gas or explosion from other inflammable substances like insecticide and spirit Hot liquids like water, soup, oil etc Chemicals Electrical burns Hot objects like exhaust. Here are some tips on Prevention: Keep hot water and
There are so many things to know about taking care of yourself (if you are diabetic) or a loved one that is diabetic. The foot care is so important so as to avoid complications that result sometimes in amputation. Here are a few facts: Do not wear long boots Do not walk bare foot Do not wear tight socks Do not wear high heels that have no support Do not put your feet on extreme heat Do not put your feet near open heat
Diabetes mellitus (DM) refers to a group of features characterized by a high glucose level in the blood (hyperglycemia), as a result of a relative or absolute deficiency in insulin. Insulin is required in the breakdown of glucose, protein and fat in the body. When it is not available in sufficient amount therefore, there would be a problem with this breakdown . Diabetes mellitus is classified into various types, the common ones being type 1, type 2, and gestational (occurring in pregnancy). Emphasis would be on type-2 DM in this
BPH means benign prostatic hypertrophy or hyperplasia. After age 40, the prostate becomes larger than usual as the cells increase. However, only one in 10 males experience symptoms after 50 years. Symptoms that may occur include: Increased frequency of urination Urgency: This means that when you feel like urinating, you would have to do so immediately. Hesitancy : When you make attempt at urinating, it would not come out immediately. You would have to wait a while before it does. Urge incontinence: If you do not urinate immediately you
Low back pain is quite common. Many people suffer from it, hoping to get a permanent solution when it lingers. It can be quite discomforting. It is common in people whose occupations make them subject their back to excessive strain; such as having to lift heavy objects, or having to stand for long periods of time. The pain may originate from the spine and its supporting structures, or it could be from another part of the body which “spreads” to the spine. It may be due to a developmental problem
Urethral (penile) discharge in men is a sexually transmitted infection. Important causes are gonorrhea and chlamydia. Our emphasis in this post would be on gonorrhea. Gonorrhea is caused by Neisseria gonorrheae. Symptoms occur within 7 days of exposure (via sexual contact with an infected individual). The main symptom is that of urethral discharge that is much in quantity and purulent (that is, appearing like pus). A swab of the discharge, along with a urine sample, is necessary for accurate diagnosis. Treatment is with antibiotics, usually parenteral (intramuscular or intravenous). It
In the past one week recent times, we have seen more cases of stroke secondary to high blood pressure within a short space of time. This implies that people are not checking their blood pressure regularly or they are not taking antihypertensive medications as they should, or they have not been checking up with their doctors to know if the medications they are taking are working for them or not. Whatever the case, stroke (cerebrovascular accident) is a serious cause of morbidity and death in our environment. Stroke simply means
Fibroid is a common benign tumor of the uterus (womb), hence the term “uterine fibroid”. It is Common in women > 25 years of age. It is also more common in blacks. Fibroid is rare before the age of onset of menses, and the size tends to reduce at menopause. About 20% of women of reproductive age have one or more fibroid(s) in the womb. However, not everyone has symptoms. Many people only discover its presence when they have to go for an ultrasound scan of the abdomen and/or pelvis
Typically, a ‘cut at vaginal delivery ‘, is referred to medically as EPISIOTOMY. It is one of the things many women fear at a vaginal delivery. When it eventually happens, they are soon faced with the realities of how to take good care of the wound so they can ‘ have their lives back ‘ asap. Some people are advised to sit on HOT WATER, while some are asked to avoid contact with the bowl they sit on, and so on. All of these are WRONG!!! WHAT IS THE RIGHT METHOD
This virus does not exist independently; only in the presence of hepatitis B virus. It gives rise to a more severe form of hepatitis, but is limited by recovery from hepatitis B infection. Transmission: From an infected mother to the baby via the placenta Close contact with an infected person. Prevention: Proper screening of blood and blood products Hepatitis B vaccine protects against hepatitis D infection. Got questions? Consult DoctorKK right here.