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GLAUCOMA The eye is a very important organ of the body as it is the organ of sight. There are certain eye defects or disorders such as hyper myopia (long-sightedness), myopia (short-sightedness), cataract and glaucoma which could pose serious damage to the normal functioning of the eye if appropriate care is not taken. Glaucoma is a group of eye disorders that cause damage to the optic nerves. Now, let’s break this down. The optic nerves are nerve endings that transmit impulses from the eyes to the brain. The brain  interprets

EBOLA IS BACK! The Ebola Haemorrhagic Fever, also known as Ebola Virus Disease,  or more popularly referred to as Ebola,  is a viral haemorrhagic disease where the virus causes severe bleeding and fever. Ebola first occurred in 1976 . It however  gained little prominence during its major outbreak in West Africa between 2014-2016. It affected a large number of people in various countries resulting in a lot of public interest. The WHO reported the first case in Guinea (a West African Nation),  with a gradual spread to two other African

HYPOGLYCEMIA (LOW BLOOD SUGAR) Hypoglycemia is a medical condition in which your blood sugar or glucose level is too low i.e. below the normal level. It can develop in people suffering from diabetes and those who are non-diabetic. The cells of the brain require energy, derived from glucose, to function effectively and in case of its insufficiency, the brain is usually one of the first organs to be affected. Some of the symptoms to watch out for include excessive sweating, palpitations, dizziness, shakiness, clumsiness. In more severe cases, there could

Keeping fit is good business. In the last 5 years, I have made a conscious effort to engage my body in some form of exercise and deliberate activities to keep fit at least monthly. Well, life happens and consistency proved to be such a difficult milestone to meet. If you are like me, don’t despair. Exercising and keeping fit may appear to be one of the hardest things to do until one starts, then it becomes one of the hardest things to consistently do. This is reality – most people’s

You are what you eat! Heard that before? Well it is so true especially with respect to your health. With rising incidence of heart-related issues, you need to know how to eat right such that your heart can stay healthy. Some diets that will help you achieve this include: Diets that are light on meat and sweets Reduce your salt intake to less than 1500mg per day Eat lots of fruits and vegetables Whole grains such as brown rice, oats, and so on. Legumes are good. Low fat dairy products

Having previously described the three main types of Diabetes mellitus (DM), let’s take a brief moment to dwell on type 2 DM which has a higher prevalence in our society. Type 2 Diabetes mellitus is a condition in which the human body is unable to properly process sugar into energy. This could be due to the body’s failure to use insulin available correctly or the pancreas is not making enough insulin. Our body stores sugar and uses it to create the energy we need to go about our everyday lives.

FACTS ABOUT DIABETES MELLITUS Diabetes mellitus (DM), commonly referred to as diabetes, is a group of metabolic disorders in which there are high blood sugar levels over a prolonged period. Diabetes is due to either the pancreas not producing enough insulin or the cells of the body not responding properly to the insulin produced. So, let’s see the types of Diabetes mellitus. Type 1 Diabetes mellitus This results from the pancreas’s failure to produce enough insulin. This form was previously referred to as “insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus” (IDDM) or “juvenile diabetes”.

​Endometrial cancer is a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the tissues of the endometrium. It is the most common invasive cancer of the female reproductive system. The endometrium is the lining of the uterus. The uterus is part of the female reproductive system. It is a hollow, pear-shaped, muscular organ in the pelvis, where a fetus grows. The uterus has a muscular outer layer called the myometrium and an inner lining called the endometrium. Cancer of the endometrium is different from cancer of the muscle of the

Monkey Pox is caused by a virus, orthopox virus,  same that causes cowpox and camelpox. It is similar to human small pox but it is milder . How is it transmitted? It is transmitted to people from various wild animals via Handling of infected monkeys Eating inadequately cooked meat of infected animals Thereafter, from one person to another via Direct contact with body fluids and /or contaminated bedding Large respiratory droplets The duration between exposure to the virus and manifestation of symptoms (incubation period) is 6 to 16 days, but

Burn is a type of injury to skin, or other tissues, caused by heat, cold,  electricity, chemicals, friction, or radiation. [wikipedia: Burn] Burns can be devastating and very traumatic. It can trigger a severe form of injury that disfigures and/or kills. As with medical cases, Prevention is the key. Causes include: Flame from petrol, kerosene, gas or explosion from other inflammable substances like insecticide and spirit Hot liquids like water,  soup, oil etc Chemicals Electrical burns Hot objects like exhaust. Here are some tips on Prevention: Keep hot water and

There are so many things to know about taking care of yourself (if you are diabetic) or a loved one that is diabetic. The foot care is so important so as to avoid complications that result sometimes in amputation. Here are a few facts: Do not wear long boots Do not walk bare foot      Do not wear tight socks Do not wear high heels that have no support         Do not put your feet on extreme heat Do not put your feet near open heat

While some people prefer to get regular checks with their doctors, some others don’t. They would rather not want to know the diagnosis when they perceive an unusual symptom in their body, especially when they feel it may be related to a chronic (long standing) illness, such as hypertension, diabetes Mellitus, HIV, cancers, and so on. It is important to note that you should not try to deny a symptom if present. Get regular checks with your doctor. EARLY DETECTION IS KEY TO GETTING  A GOOD OUTCOMES. When you get a

Diabetes mellitus (DM) refers to a group of features characterized by a high glucose level in the blood (hyperglycemia), as a result of a relative or absolute deficiency in insulin. Insulin is required in the breakdown  of glucose, protein and fat in the body. When it is not available in sufficient amount therefore, there would be a problem with this breakdown . Diabetes mellitus is classified into various types, the common ones being type 1, type 2, and gestational (occurring in pregnancy). Emphasis would be on type-2 DM in this

BPH means benign prostatic hypertrophy or hyperplasia.   After age 40, the prostate becomes larger than usual as the cells increase. However, only one in 10 males experience symptoms after 50 years. Symptoms that may occur include: Increased frequency of urination Urgency: This means that when you feel like urinating, you would have to do so immediately. Hesitancy : When you make attempt at urinating, it would not come out immediately. You would have to wait a while before it does. Urge incontinence: If you do not urinate immediately you

Some mums usually express concerns that their baby may be losing weight after birth. Here is to show you a brief overview of the trend of how a baby gains weight or loses it within the first six months of birth. Within the first seven days The baby may lose 5-10% of birth weight. At days 7-10 Baby starts gaining weight. By day 14 Baby should have regained birth weight. After day 14 Baby gains an average of 25-30 grams per day for the first 4 months. At 4-5 months

Many individuals have had tetanus toxoid at different times during their life time for prevention of tetanus infection usually after sustaining an injury. However, Tetanus Toxoid (TT) is given to women of reproductive age to prevent tetanus infection in the newborn. Every woman of reproductive age should have at least two doses during the antenatal period. However, FIVE (5) doses are required to confer a LIFE LONG protection. The schedule is as follows : TT1 First dose TT2 Four weeks after the first dose TT3 Six months after TT2 TT4 One

Low back pain is quite common. Many people suffer from it, hoping to get a permanent solution when it lingers. It can be quite discomforting. It is common in people whose occupations make them subject their back to excessive strain; such as having to lift heavy objects, or having to stand for long periods of time. The pain may originate from the spine and its supporting structures, or it could be from another part of the body which “spreads” to the spine. It may be due to a developmental problem

Urethral (penile) discharge in men is a sexually transmitted infection. Important causes are gonorrhea and chlamydia. Our emphasis in this post would be on gonorrhea. Gonorrhea is caused by Neisseria gonorrheae. Symptoms occur within 7 days of exposure (via sexual contact with an infected individual). The main symptom is that of urethral discharge that is much in quantity and purulent (that is, appearing like pus). A swab of the discharge, along with a urine sample, is necessary for accurate diagnosis. Treatment is with antibiotics, usually parenteral (intramuscular or intravenous). It

Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) is one that affects the immune system. Nigeria has the second highest burden of this in the world. It is not enough to know that your status is negative, but you need to stay negative. These are some steps on how to achieve that: Repeat the test after six months of a suspected exposure, to give room for the window period. The window period is when the body is able to recognise and mount up its own immunity against the virus because of how the virus

In the past one week recent times, we have seen more cases of stroke secondary to high blood pressure within a short space of time. This implies that people are not checking their blood pressure regularly or they are not taking antihypertensive medications as they should, or they have not been checking up with their doctors to know if the medications they are taking are working for them or not. Whatever the case, stroke (cerebrovascular accident) is a serious cause of morbidity and death in our environment. Stroke simply means

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