EBOLA IS BACK! The Ebola Haemorrhagic Fever, also known as Ebola Virus Disease, or more popularly referred to as Ebola, is a viral haemorrhagic disease where the virus causes severe bleeding and fever. Ebola first occurred in 1976 . It however gained little prominence during its major outbreak in West Africa between 2014-2016. It affected a large number of people in various countries resulting in a lot of public interest. The WHO reported the first case in Guinea (a West African Nation), with a gradual spread to two other African
This virus does not exist independently; only in the presence of hepatitis B virus. It gives rise to a more severe form of hepatitis, but is limited by recovery from hepatitis B infection. Transmission: From an infected mother to the baby via the placenta Close contact with an infected person. Prevention: Proper screening of blood and blood products Hepatitis B vaccine protects against hepatitis D infection. Got questions? Consult DoctorKK right here.
This is also a blood-borne infection. It usually takes 8 weeks for liver function abnormalities to occur following exposure to the virus. It causes a long- standing (chronic) infection, and can in turn cause hepatocellular carcinoma (liver cancer). Transmission: Transfusion of unscreened blood Sharing of needles by intravenous drug users Organ transplantation Use of unsterilized needles for dental procedures, tattooing. Prevention: Proper screening of blood donors Use new needles each time, rather than repeating the use of one Do not share needles with anyone Proper sterilization of instruments prior to
This virus infects together with hepatitis C often times. It is more commonly seen in people with some blood disorders such as Hemophilia, Thalassemia. It may be seen in intravenous drug addicts. Prevention This is by preventing hepatitis C virus infection. Got questions? Consult DoctorKK right here.
This is a blood-borne infection. The hepatitis B virus causes a long- standing (chronic) infection. It also gives rise to hepatocellular carcinoma (liver cancer), which is a notorious cancer that kills within approximately six months of diagnosis. HBV infection is about TEN TIMES more infectious than HIV. Humans are the only source of infection. How is it transmitted? Via any of the following: Transfusion of unscreened blood or blood products From a carrier mother to the baby Sexual intercourse- heterosexual or homosexual Repeated use of hypodermic needles without sterilization; such
This post is a follow up to that of hepatitis A. Hepatitis E virus (HEV) infection is not very common in our environment but may be seen in those who have travelled to regions where it is present, such as India, Middle East. It is also spread feco-orally, like hepatitis A virus (HAV). The source of infection is majorly CONTAMINATED DRINKING WATER. It is similar to hepatitis A viral infection in presentation. However, if it occurs in pregnancy, it can shut down the liver and result in death. Prevention: Good
Much has been said about hepatitis such that some think that it must be sought and treated while treating malaria in our environment. Well, here are the facts on hepatitis so as to have your doubts cleared. Hepatitis means inflammation of the liver. Shikena! This can be caused by viruses, alcohol or anything that can harm the liver, including some drugs. We shall focus on viral hepatitis however, being a dreaded form of hepatitis. There are six viruses responsible for hepatitis. These are Hepatitis A, B, C, D, E, and